How Augmented Reality Could Change the Future of Surgery
How Augmented Reality Could Change the Future of Surgery: Don’t you agree Augmented Reality is the biggest change that can drive the remarkable changes in the medical world? Over the last few decades, the various surgical ways have replaced the preferred methods across various medical fields.
Augmented Reality in Surgery:
The biggest medical advances of the last few decades are utilized in diagnostic imaging – ultrasonography, mammography, comprised, tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and so on. These same forces have propelled technology developments elsewhere like tiny cameras, smaller and faster processors and real-time streaming also have transformed the way doctors utilize imaging in performing procedures. This surgery involves some sort of scan before incision. Now a day, surgeons have started utilizing ultrasound or CT to help you guide the procedure.
Augmented Reality- A boon for surgeons
There are various benefits of augmented reality in surgery which is challenging for the medical world to completely utilize. It proves beneficial in the treatment of mental disorders like PTSD. This emerging technology supports the healthcare industry in an inevitable way.
The Augmented Reality tools are proven to be the best materials to take guidance for the surgeon in real-time with the help of augmented reality tools.
Imaging has evolved gradually from the way it was displayed in the 1950’s. Nowadays the visual data are always shown on a 2D flat screen which displays that health care providers look away from the patient and also require them to take their hands away from them during operation.
Moreover, the images are not displayed clearly, but the doctors have to utilize their skill and imagination to understand and mentally project the images into the patient while they are doing procedures. Nowadays visual data is displayed by utilizing visual data as the doctors can use the direct additional attention to mentally fuse multiple imaging types, to get a coherent representation of the patient.
Augmented Reality superimposes digital information on the physical world so that the surgeon can utilize an AR headset such as Microsoft’s HoloLens to see the digital images and other data which are directly overlaid on her field of view.
The Hololens are utilized in minimally invasive therapies requiring a small incision and in which the dedicated instruments are ultimately guided to the treatment area. The treatment areas can be the heart, blood vessels, brain, liver, and other major organs.
In this case, the use of 3D holographic images via AR proves beneficial. It can be controlled with voice recognition, eye tracking, and advanced gestures.
The headset might display an echo cardiogram with vital signs and data on the characteristics of the patient’s aneurysm directly above the surgical field. Hence the surgeon need not look away from the patient to multiple different displays to gather and interpret this information.
It is gaining a significant amount of momentum since according to Goldman Sachs, the healthcare market for AR/VR is currently $5.1 Billion by 2025. As the health costs continue to rise, AR will play a significant role to help and save millions of people.
Current AR use cases include:
- Minimal Invasive surgery
- Training and educating doctors in a better manner
- Digitization of the patient can be done in a better way by overlaying medical record and scans
- Cancer detection through image recognition
The benefits of augmented reality in surgery are:
1. AR’s potential ability to display imaging data concurrently and other patient information could save several lives and help to decrease medical errors.
2. The utilization of Augmented reality to demonstrate Dental models to students enable them to compare their sculpting with reference models.
3. Medical students can practice surgery so that they can practice surgery in a virtual environment rather than the patients. These concepts assist the doctor in VR in the operation room to feel real.
4. Underlying the remarkable progress in AR/VR and Medtech in the last few years is the development of AI, computing, and graphics processing software and the internet. These technologies will pay off exponentially for us in the coming years.
The ability to detect and identify facial expressions, voice tones and physical behaviors can help families and doctors to detect the signs of depression and other mental illnesses in real life. For example, Brain Power is such as interesting start-ups which helps people with autism to teach themselves life skills and to measure their progress. Devices like Hololens are engineered to place the virtual image at a distance of about 2m, which leads to placing the eyes focused at that distance. Additionally, when the surgeon is required to see the image on a nearer field since you need to operate on a patient which is 50 cm from your eyes.
5. AR has the potential ability to concurrently display imaging data and other patient information which can help you save lives and decrease medical errors.
It has the superpowers to streamline certain aspects of surgery. For instance, it is utilized to improving O.R design to incorporating virtual images of patient scan into the surgical field, while enhancing surgical precision and accuracy to minimize mistakes.
6. Augmented Reality helps to connect specialist doctors who have been practicing for the same specialty around the globe. It levels the playing field with virtual O.Rs facilitates the sharing of information and allows AR collaboration through robotic surgery.
7. Smart glasses to help doctors assist their colleagues remotely
The incredible feature of telemedicine offered by the smart glasses allows the health care professionals to evaluate, diagnose and treat patients even at a distance by utilizing telecommunications technology. These smart glasses have the capacity to e-mail, text message, text message, video call which ensures the doctors communicate with each other to address different factors of a patient’s health.
In case, if a patient gets a trauma, telemedicine can enable patient information to be related wirelessly ahead of time. It can also be diagnosed and treated as well.
8. AR reduces exposure to radiation from X-rays.
Similar to HoloLens, there was a product called Foresee-X that allowed surgeons to focus on the operational field of computer screens and monitors. Foresee-X also claims to help reduce the radiation exposure from X-rays.
It enables surgeons to take the 20 X-rays by utilizing this new technology. It allows the surgeons to look into the patient during surgery. X-ray images or tissue images of the patient can be viewed in real-time and in full HD resolution in a hassle-free manner. The presence of four infra-red sensors determines the relative position of the projected image to the patient.
At the time of war, Augmented Reality can be helpful in war zone medicine to connect health care professionals in times of natural disasters and in rural areas to help surgeons and doctors around the world.
The Purdue system offers a transparent headset screen display allowing the mentor to see the patient in front of them. At the same time, it can also help you get real-time feedback from your mentor.
While the mentee is in a remote situation, the AR feed can be visible through a video monitor and can provide instant feedback to the surgeon in location.
These advanced technologies of AR can be easily implemented in the operation theater. Smart glasses are already implemented with many different functions, and hopefully, these different functions will make doctors jump on the augmented reality soon. All these advancements are for the good cause for a better future for more safer, more accurate, and cost-effective patient treatment.